Paul Gauguin Biography, Artwork, Galleries Online | BLOUIN ARTINFO
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Biography

Occupation: Painting, Sculpture
Movement: Post­-Impressionist, Symbolist
 
Paul Gauguin's Famous Artworks
"The Vision after the Sermon (Jacob Wrestling with the Angel)," 1888
"Self Portrait with Halo," 1889
"Yellow Christ," 1889
"Orana Maria (We Hail Thee Mary)," 1891
"Are You Jealous?," 1892
"Spirit of the Dead Watching," 1892
"What's New?," 1892
"Self Portrait in a Hat," 1893
"Day of the Gods," 1894
"The King's Wife," 1896
"Vase of Flowers," 1896
"Nevermore," 1897
"Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going?," 1897
"And the Gold of Their Bodies," 1901
 
Paul Gauguin was a French artist, well-­known as one of the leaders of the Post-­Impressionist art movement and an important figure in Symbolism. He worked with a variety of mediums, including painting, sculpture, printmaking, and ceramics. Paul Gauguin's paintings and sculptures are highly appreciated by his viewers.
 
Paul Gauguin's Early Life
Gaugin was born in June 1848 in Paris. His parents were Clovis Gauguin and Alina Maria Chazal. Alina hailed from an important family in Peru, and motivated by the changing French political scenario, the whole family moved to Peru in 1850. Clovis Gauguin died in the course of the journey. The family lived in Lima with Gaugin’s maternal uncle for the next six years. The images of Peru seen during this period were to later deeply influence his work. 
 
In 1854, the family returned to France and settled in Orleans when Gauguin was seven years old. After completing his education, he tried different professions, working with the Merchant Marines and the French navy, and as a stockbroker – a job he kept for 11 years. He painted in his spare time. Gauguin married Mette­Sophie Gad in 1873 and the couple had five children together. 
 
After the Paris stock market crashed in 1882, he started painting full­time. Then, the family moved to Copenhagen where he attempted to work as a businessman. However, he struggled to get work and Mette­Sophie eventually became the primary breadwinner. The marriage ended soon after. Mette-Sophie and the children stayed behind in Copenhagen, and he returned to Paris in 1885, turning to painting full-­time.
 
Paul Gauguin's Career 
Paul Gauguin’s early trysts with art as a hobby were moderately successful. One of his works was accepted at the Paris Salon of 1876. Around the same time, he met Camille Pissarro, a leading artist of the Impressionist art movement, who introduced him to many other Impressionists. The Impressionists took an interest in his work, inviting him for a showing at the fourth Impressionist Exhibition of 1879 in Paris. His work was also displayed at the Impressionist Exhibitions of 1881 and 1882 in Paris.
 
Gauguin visited Pont­-Aven, Brittany, in the summer of 1886, where he was joined by Émile Bernard. Bernard and he worked together, creating the technique of Synthetism, an attempt to move away from the dominant trend in European painting which they felt was too literal and lacked depth. In Synthetism, the artists combined or synthesized various elements, painting from memory, attempting to reflect their feelings through their work. Color and form had equally important places in Synthetism.
 
In 1888, Gaugin traveled to Arles where he met Vincent van Gogh. The two artists became friends, though the friendship later ended amidst bitter fighting and with van Gogh’s mental breakdown.
 
Paul Gauguin's years in Tahiti 
Gauguin styled himself and his art as “savage,” moving further and further away from urban life in search of the possibility of creating pure, “primitive” art. His search for creative freedom led him to Tahiti in 1891, though he was disappointed to find the island westernized by the influence of French colonists. He chose to live among the natives of Tahiti and began to paint a new series of innovative works, such as “La Orana Maria” where the image of the Virgin Mary and Jesus was replaced by that of a Tahitian mother and child. He returned to France in 1893 but did not receive positive responses to his work.
 
Soon after in 1891, a frustrated Gaugin returned to French Polynesia where he spent the rest of his life. In 1897, he painted “Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going?” – work that gained great fame. The painting is meant to be studied from left to right and is a depiction of the human cycle of life, featuring Tahitian figures in an outdoor setting. Gauguin spent the final years of his life in French Polynesia, beset by illness and injury. At the age of 54, his body was weakened by excessive consumption of alcohol and syphilis. He died in May 1903, from an overdose of morphine. He was buried in the Calvary Cemetery in Atuona, French Polynesia.
 
Paul Gauguin's Legacy
Although Gaugin's paintings and sculptures did not receive much critical while he was alive, his work began to receive a lot of attention soon after his death. The Russian art collector Sergei Shchukin bought up much of his work. A retrospective of Gauguin’s work was held at the Salon d’Automne in 1903. It is acknowledged that he influenced French avant­-garde art in the early 20th century, as also artists like Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse, among others. You can buy Paul Gaugin's artworks online.
 
Paul Gauguin's Major Exhibitions 
1879–1886  -  Impressionist Exhibitions, Paris
1889  -  Café Volpini, Paris
1906  -  Salon d'Automne, Paris
1955  -  Tate Britain, London
2002  -  Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
2005  -  The Clark Institute, Williamstown
2015  -   Fondation Beyeler, Basel
 
Paul Gauguin's Museums/Collections 
Art Institute of Chicago
Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas
Detroit Institute of Arts
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco
Guggenheim Museum, New York
Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg
J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles
Louvre Museum, Paris
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Musée d'Orsay, Paris
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh
National Gallery, London
National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa
Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Missouri
Neue Pinakothek, Munich
Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena
Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Tate Gallery, Londo
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York
Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney
Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto
Ball State Museum of Art, Indiana
Berkeley Art Museum + Pacific Film Archive, Berkeley
Bilbao Fine Arts Museum, Bilbao
Brooklyn Museum, New York
Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh
Chrysler Museum, Norfolk, Virginia
Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, Massachusetts
Cleveland Museum of Art
Courtauld Institute of Art, London
Dixon Gallery and Gardens, Tennessee
E.G. Bührle Collection, Zurich
Folkwang Museum, Essen
Fondation Bemberg Museum, Toulouse
Groninger Museum, Groningen
Hammer Museum, Los Angeles
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington D.C.
Indianapolis Museum of Art
Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth
Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo
Kunsthaus, Zurich
Kunstmuseum Basel
Los Angeles County Museum of Art
MacKenzie Art Gallery, Saskatchewan
Manchester City Art Gallery, Manchester
Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum, St. Louis
Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee
Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis
Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris
Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon
Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires
Museu de Arte de São Paulo
Museum fur Kunst und Gewerbe, Hamburg
Museum of Modern Art, New York
Nasher Sculpture Center, Dallas
National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo
New Art Gallery, Walsall
New Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen
Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach
Palazzo Ruspoli, Rome
Philadelphia Museum of Art
Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow
Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Brussels
Saint Louis Art Museum, Missouri
San Diego Museum of Art
 
Books/Publications 
“Paul Gauguin” by Paul Flux
“Paul Gauguin” by Mike Venezia
“Paul Gauguin: A Complete Life” by David Sweetman
“Paul Gauguin: Artist of Myth and Dream” by Stephen E. Eisenman
 

 

ART PRICES

LOT SOLD (1986 - 2009)

1674

MAX PRICE

$36,000,000

AVG PRICE

$4,052,677

TOTAL SALES (1986 - 2009)

$239,107,956

 Dahlias et mandoline by Paul Gauguin

Paul Gauguin

Dahlias et mandoline

Christie's, New York

May 15, 2018

 USD

 Fleurs Dans Un Vase by Paul Gauguin

Paul Gauguin

Fleurs Dans Un Vase

Christie's, New York

May 8, 2018

$19,437,500  USD

 La Vague by Paul Gauguin

Paul Gauguin

La Vague

Christie's, New York

May 8, 2018

$35,187,500  USD

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